SIMPLE PRESENT

PRESENT

PROGRESSIVE

PRESENT PERFECT

PRESENT PERFECT

 PROGRESSIVE

SIMPLE PAST

PAST

PROGRESSIVE

PAST  PERFECT

 

WILL - FUTURE

GOING - TO 

FUTURE

 

EXERCISES

 

 

 

 

SIMPLE PRESENT

Bildung:

Aussagestze:

I, you, we, they: Infinitiv

he, she, it: Infinitiv + -s / -es

 

MERKE: He, she, it, das s muss mit!!!

Verneinte Stze:

I, you, we, they:   dont   +  Infinitiv

he, she, it:          doesnt  +  Infinitiv

 

Fragestze:

I, you, we, you, they:     do  + Infinitiv

he, she, it:                  does  + Infinitiv

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das simple present:

 

Signalwrter:  

every day / week / month / year, sometimes, often, usually, normally, regularly, always, never, in the mornings / afternoons / evenings, on Monday

 

Beispiele:

Dry wood burns well.
My friend plays the piano very well.

Jane and Bob get up at six every day, dont they?
We often eat ice-cream in summer.

  Brown gets the ball, passes it to Cooper and its a goal!
The text explains what apartheid means.

 

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

Bildung:

Aussagestze:

I:                        am  + -ing-form

you, we, they:  are  + -ing-form

he, she, it:             is  + -ing-form

 

Verneinte Stze:  

I:                        am not  + -ing-form

t + -ing-form

he, she, it:               isn't  + -ing-form

 

Fragestze:

I:                        am  + -ing-form

you, we, they:  are  + -ing-form

he, she, it:             is  + -ing-form

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das present progressive:

 

Signalwrter:

now, today, this morning / afternoon / evening, at the moment, look, listen

 

Beispiele:

What are you doing at the moment? - Im listening to the news.

Sally is doing her homework.

Listen, Francis is barking in the garden.

This evening were watching an interesting film.

 

 

 

PRESENT PERFECT

Bildung: 

Aussagestze:

I, you, we, you, they     have + 3rd form

He, she, it                     has  + 3rd  form

     

Verneinte Stze:

 

I, you, we, you, they     haven't + 3rd form

He, she, it                     hasn't  + 3rd  form

 

Fragestze:

I, you, we, you, they     have + 3rd form

He, she, it                      has + 3rd  form


Verwendung:
 

Man verwendet das present perfect fr verschiedene Sachverhalte:

  1. fr Vorgnge, die gerade aufgehrt haben

  2. fr Vorgnge in der Vergangenheit, die Auswirkungen fr die Gegenwart haben

  3. fr Dinge, die bis jetzt noch nicht geschehen sind, oder wenn gefragt wird, ob oder wie oft etwas schon geschehen ist.

  4. fr Dinge, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen haben und noch nicht zu Ende sind.

 

 

 

Signalwrter

 

zu a. just, yet

zu c. ever, never, yet, already

zu d. for (Dauer), since (Zeitpunkt)

 

 

 

 

Beispiele

 

zu a.  I have just done my homework.

         Sorry, the plane has just taken off.

 

zu b. Tom has broken his leg. Now he is in hospital.

 

zu c.  Have you ever been to Great Britain?

         I have never seen such a tall man.

zu d.  I have known him for years.

         He has had his bike since his 10th birthday.

         They have been together for 8 weeks.

 

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

Bildung: 

Aussagestze:

I, you, we, you, they    have been  + -ing-form

he, she, it                     has been    + -ing-form

 

 

Verneinte Stze:

 

I, you, we, you, they   haven't been  + -ing-form

 

he, she, it                    hasn't  been   + -ing-form

 

 

Fragestze:

I, you, we, you, they     have been  + -ing-form

He, she, it                      has been   + -ing-form

 

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das present perfect progressive:

 

Signalwrter:

for, since, how long

 

Beispiele:

I have been waiting for you for two hours.

Tom has been cleaning up since he came home from school.

How long has Sally been watching TV?

 

 

SIMPLE PAST

Bildung: 

Aussagestze:  

bei regelmigen Verben: Infinitiv + ed

bei unregelmigen Verben: 2nd form

 

Verneinte Stze:

alle Personen: didn't + Infinitiv

 

Fragestze:

alle Personen: did  + Infinitiv  

 

Verwendung: 

Man verwendet das simple past:

 

Signalwrter

yesterday, .....ago, last week/year

 

Beispiele: 

I walked to school last week.

She took her dog for a walk yesterday.

Last week he won a prize in a competition.

Our neighbours dog barked all night.

 

PAST PROGRESSIVE

Bildung: 

Aussagestze:  

                                     was   + -ing-form

you, we, you, they            were + -ing-form

he, she, it                         was  + -ing-form

 

Verneinte Stze:  

                                     wasn't  + -ing-form

you, we, you, they            weren't + -ing-form

he, she, it                          wasn't + -ing-form

 

Fragestze:  

                                     was   + -ing-form

you, we, you, they            were + -ing-form

he, she, it                         was  + -ing-form

 

 

Verwendung: 

Man verwendet das past progressive :

 

 

Signalwrter

while (als Signalwort fr die lnger andauernde Handlung); when ( als Signalwort fr die pltzlich beginnende Handlung)

 

Beispiele:  

I was reading a book when Tom called.

When I came in Sally was writing a letter.

While I was doing my homework I heard a noise.

All the lights went out while Mrs Brown was preparing dinner.

 

PAST PERFECT

Bildung: 

Aussagestze:

alle Personen               had     + 3rd form

     

Verneinte Stze:

   

alle Personen               hadn't  + 3rd form

 

Fragestze:

alle Personen               hadn't  + 3rd form

 

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das past perfect:

 

Signalwrter:

after, before

 

Beispiele:

I saw that my bike had disappeared.

After he had added the eggs he beat the mixer with the electric mixer.

She ran to the train, but the train had gone.

 

 

WILL - FUTURE  

Bildung:

Aussagestze:  

will + Infinitiv

 

Verneinte Stze:  

won't + Infinitiv

 

Fragestze:  

will + Infinitiv

 

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das will-future:

 

Signalwrter:

Die Verwendung ergibt sich aus dem Zusammenhang.

 

Beispiele:

Southern areas will have another bright day, but there will be a few showers in the North.

 

How old is Frank? Fifteen. Hell be sixteen in September.

 

The latest film about lions is fantastic. I think youll enjoy it.

 

Ive got to do the washing-up now. No problem, Ill help you.

 

 

GOING - TO FUTURE

 

Bildung:

Aussagestze:

I:                        am  + going to + Infinitiv

you, we, they:  are  + going to + Infinitiv

he, she, it:             is  + going to + Infinitiv

 

Verneinte Stze:  

I:                        am not  + going to + Infinitiv

you, we, they:     aren't + going to + Infinitiv

he, she, it:               isn't  + going to + Infinitiv

 

Fragestze:

I:                        am  + going to + Infinitiv

you, we, they:  are  + going to + Infinitiv

he, she, it:             is  + going to + Infinitiv

 

 

Verwendung:

Man verwendet das going to-future:

 

Signalwrter:

Die Verwendung ergibt sich aus dem Zusammenhang.

 

Beispiele:

Im going to tidy up my room next week.

Are you going to watch Match of the Day tonight?

Simon is not going to travel abroad in August. Hes going to stay in Bavaria.

 Look at those clouds. Its going to rain soon.

Lizs test is very good. Her parents are going to be very pleased about it.

 

       

                       

 

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